Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HENRY, Caleb Sprague, author, born in Rutland, Massachusetts, 2 August, 1804; died in Newburg, New York, 9 March, 1884. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1825, studied theology at Andover and New Haven, and was ordained as a Congregational minister on 21 January, 1829. After holding pastorates at Greenfield, Massachusetts, in 1829-'31, and in West Hartford, Connecticut, in 1833-'5, he took deacon's orders in the Protestant Episcopal church in the latter year, was ordained priest in 1836, and in 1835-'8 was professor of intellectual and moral philosophy in Bristol college, Pennsylvania Previously, in 1834, he had published a pamphlet on " Principles and Prospects of the Friends of Peace," and had established the "American Advocate of Peace," which, after the first year, became the organ of the American peace society. In 1837, with Dr. Francis L. Hawks, he founded the " New York Review," and conducted it till 1840, when Dr. Josiah G. Cogswell, who had been co-editor for a year, became its editor-in-chief. Dr. Henry was professor of philosophy and history in the New York university in 1839-'52, and for some time performed the duties of chancellor. He was also rector of St. Clement's church, New York, in 1847-'50. During that period he edited the " Churchman," and was also for a year or two political editor of the New York "Times." He engaged in literary work in Poughkeepsie and Newburg, New York, in 1850-'68, and in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1868-'70, was rector of St. Michael's church, Litchfield, Connecticut, in 1870-'3, and then resided in Stamford, Connecticut, till 1880, when he returned to Newburg. Hobart gave him the degree of D. D. in 1838, and the College of the city of New York that of LL.D. in 1879. Besides numerous lectures and addresses, Dr. Henry published "Cousin's Psychology," translated from the French, with an introduction and notes (Hartford, 1834; 4th ed., revised, New York, 1856); "Compendium of Christian Antiquities" (1837); " Moral and Philosophical Essays" (1839); Guizot's " History of Civilization," with notes; "Household Liturgy"; Taylor's "Ancient and Modern History," revised, with a chapter on the history of the United States (1845); Bautain's "Epitome of the History of Philosophy," with a continuation to the date of publication (2 vols., 1845);" Dr. Oldham at Grey-stones, and his Talk There," published anonymously (1860; 3d ed., 1872); " Social Welfare and Human Progress" (1860);" About Men and Things" (1873); and" Satan as a Moral Philosopher" (1877). The last four are collections of essays on various subjects.
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