Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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VAUX, Calvert (vawks), landscape architect, born in London, England, 20 December, 1824. He was educated at the Merchant tailors' school, and was a pupil to Lewis N. Cottingham, architect in London. In 1848 he came to this country at, the suggestion of Andrew J. Downing, whose architectural partner he became, and with whom he was associated in laying out the grounds that surround the capitol and Smithsonian institution, Washington, D. C., and other work of landscape gardening On his suggestion, public competition was invited for the plans of Central park, and, in connection with Frederick L. Olmsted, he presented a design which was accepted, and possessed among its original features that of transverse traffic roads. During the completion of the work Mr. Vaux held the office of consulting architect to the department of parks. In 1865 he presented a design for Prospect park, Brooklyn, which was accepted. Subsequently he was associated with Mr. Olmsted in designing the parks in Chicago and Buffalo, and the state reservation at Niagara Falls. They also designed the plans for Riverside and Morningside parks in New York city, and Mr. Vaux is now landscape architect of the department of public parks, with charge of the improvements of city parks. Meanwhile he has been exceedingly fertile as an architect, designing country residences in Newport and elsewhere, also dwellings and public buildings in New York city. The Belvedere in Central park, which is shown in the accompanying illustration, was designed by him. He has published " Villas and Cottages" (New York, 1860).
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