Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PARK, Calvin, clergyman, born in Northbridge, Massachusetts, 11 September, 1774; died in Stoughton, Massachusetts, 5 January, 1847. He was graduated at Brown in 1797, taught for three years, while studying theology, became a tutor in the college in 1800, and in 1804 was elected professor of languages. In 1811 he was transferred to the chair of moral philosophy and metaphysics. While connected with the university he preached every Sunday. ]n 1825 he resigned his professorship, and in the following year he was installed as pastor of the Evangelical Congregational church at Stoughton. He retired from the pastorate in 1840. The degree of D. D. was conferred on him by Brown in 1818.--His son, Edwards Amasa, theologian, born in Providence, Rhode Island, 29 December, 1808, was graduated at Brown in 1826, and at Andover theological seminary in 1831. For two years he was pastor of the Congregational church at Braintree, Massachusetts In 1835 he became professor of moral and intellectual philosophy and of Hebrew literature at Amherst, and in 1836 he was called to the professorship of sacred rhetoric in Andover seminary. In 1847 he exchanged this chair for the professorship of Christian theology, and in 1881 he was retired as emeritus professor. The degree of D.D. was conferred on him by Harvard in 1844 and by Brown in 1846. Dr. Park has been active as an exponent of the doctrines that are embodied in the Andover creed and called the New England system of theology. He began to write for reviews in 1828. In 1844 he established, with Bela B. Edwards, the " Bibliotheca Sacra," of which he was editor-in-chief till 1851, and one of the principal editors for forty years. In 1842, and again in 1862, he went to Germany, remaining about a year each time, and in 1869-'70 he travelled through Europe and the East. Besides numerous review articles and contributions to biblical and theological lexicons and cyclopaedias, Dr. Park has published memorial sketches of Charles S. Storrs (Boston, 1833); Moses Stuart (Andover, 1852); Bela B. Edwards (1852); Joseph S. Clark (Boston, 1861); Richard S. Storrs (1874); Samuel C. Jackson (Andover, 1878) ; and Leonard Woods (1880) ; also memoirs of Samuel Hopkins, Bela B. Edwards, and Nathanael Emmons, which were prefixed to their works, that of Dr. Emmons being also published separately (Boston. 1861). He was one of the translators and editors of " Selections from German Literature" (Andover, 1839). He edited the " Writings of Reverend William Bradford Homer" (Boston, 1842), preparing an introductory essay for the second edition (1849); also "The Atonement," consisting of discourses of several divines, to which he prefixed an essay on the "Rise of the Edwardsian Theory of the Atonement" (Boston, 1860). His other publications in-elude a sermon on " The Theology of the Intellect and of the Feelings " (Boston, 1850) ; an "Election Sermon" (1851); a pamphlet on "The Associate Creed of Andover Theological Seminary" (1883); and a volume of "Discourses on some Theological Doctrines as Related to the Religious Character" (Andover, 1885). He was associated with Austin Phelps and Lowell Mason in the compilation of "The Sabbath Hymn-Book" (New York, 1858), and, with Dr. Phelps and Daniel L. Furber, published "Hymns and Choirs" (Andover, 1860), to which he contributed an essay on " The Text of Hymns."
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