Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HENRIQUEZ, Camilo (en-ree'-kayth). Chilian journalist, born in Valdivia, 20 July, 1769; died in Santiago, 17 March, 1825. He entered the monastic order of San Camilo de Lelis at Lima, and was prosecuted by the Inquisition for reading prohibited French works on philosophy, but was acquitted after a long trial. At the beginning of the Chilian revolution in 1810 Henriquez hurried to his country to offer his services, arriving in the beginning of 1811, and after the royalist mutiny of Figueroa on 1 April of that year, Father Henriquez patrolled the city to avoid further disorders. He was the first to sustain popular rights, both in the revolutionary paper "La Aurora" and in the pulpit on 4 July, 1811. when the members of the 1st congress attended divine service. After the defeat of Rancaguas in 1814, he emigrated to the Argentine Republic, and there continued his work for independence. He was graduated in the medical faculty of Buenos Ayres, and at the same time taught mathematics. In 1822 he returned to Chili by special invitation of the director, O'Higgins, and in the same year was elected deputy to the National convention, and chosen its secretary. He founded in Santiago the paper "El Mercurio de Chile." In May, 1875, Santiago erected to his memory a monument of white marble, surmounted by his bust. He published "Ensayo acerca de las causas de los succesos desastrosos de Chile" (Buenos Ayres, 1818): a translation of "Bosquejo de la Democracia," and the dramas "Camila" and "Inocencia en el asilo de las virtudes."
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