Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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DONOP, Carl Emil Kurt yon, Count, British officer, born in Germany in 1740; died in New Jersey, 25 October 1777. He was appointed to the command of four battalions of grenadiers and the yagers in the detachment of Hessian troops in the British employ destined for service in the American war. He landed on Long Island on 22 August 1776, and took part in the battle there on 27 August In December 1776, when General Howe went into winter quarters in New York, he left Donop as acting brigadier, with two Hessian brigades, the yagers and the 42d Highlanders, to hold the line from Trenton to Burlington. On hearing of the defeat of Rall, Donop hurriedly retreated to Princeton, abandoning his stores and his sick and wounded at Bordentown. In October 1777, Sir William Howe gave verbal orders to Colonel Donop to carry Red Bank, New Jersey, by assault, if it could be done easily; and on the 22d he, with his Hessians, attacked Fort Mercer at that place, but was repelled after a most desperate resistance, Donop being mortally wounded. He survived the battle three days, anal said to a brother officer: "It is finishing a noble career early ; but I die the victim of my ambition, and of the avarice of my sovereign."
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