Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BRANDT, Carl Ludwig, artist, born near Hamburg, in Holstein, Germany, 22 September, 1831. His father and grandfather were eminent physicians in Hamburg. His father taught him drawing at the age of seven, and he subsequently studied in the principal galleries of Europe. He served in the war of 1848-'50, between Germany and Denmark, and came to the United States in 1852. He painted several portraits previous to 1864, and in that year built his studio in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, but lived in Europe from 1865 till 1869. He was chosen a national academician in 1872, and in 1883 was elected director of the "Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences," Savannah, Georgia, where he resides in winter. Among his works are "A Dish of Alpine Strawberries" ; "The Fortune-Teller" (1869); "Return from the Alps" (1874); "Monte Rosa at Sunrise"; "Bay of Naples during Eruption of Vesuvius in 1867"; "Etna from Taurinino, Sicily"; "Resignation"; and "The Golden Treasures of Mexico." The numerous portraits painted since his return from Europe include likenesses of John Jacob Astor the elder; Mr. and Mrs. William born Astor; Dr. John W. Draper; George S. Appleton; Gen. Henry R. Jackson; and a full-length figure of his wife. The last was shown at the academy exhibition of 1882 and the international exposition at Munich in 1883. Dr. F. Pecht, in his "Modern Art at the International Exhibition," says of it: "The most skilful of all these ladies' portraits is the one in full figure by Carl L. Brandt, in fact, a most charming picture, a masterpiece good enough for a Netcher." Mr. Brandt has also done some work as a sculptor, and has nearly ready (1886) a colossal bust of Humboldt. BRANNAN, John Milton, soldier, born in the District of Columbia in 1819. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1841, and served at Plattsburg, New York, during the border disturbances of 1841-'2, and in the Mexican war as first lieutenant of the 1st artillery. He was at Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, La Hoya, Contreras, and Churubusco, and for his conduct in the two actions last named was brevetted captain, 20 August, 1847. On 13 September he was severely wounded at the Belen gate in the assault on the City of Mexico. After this he served on garrison duty in various forts, and against the Seminoles in 1856-'8. On 28 September, 1861, he was made brigadier-general of volunteers, commanded the department of Key West, Florida, in 1862, and served in the department of the South from June, 1862, till 24 January, 1863. During this time he commanded the St. John's River expedition of 25 September, 1862, receiving the brevet of lieutenant colonel for his services at the battle of Jacksonville, was engaged at Pocotaligo, South Carolina, 24 October, 1862, and twice temporarily commanded the department. In the Tennessee campaign of 1863 he was engaged at Hoover's Gap, Tullahoma, Elk River, and Chickamauga, winning two brevets. From 10 October, 1863, till 25 June, 1865, he was chief of artillery of the department of the Cumberland, and was engaged at Chattanooga until May, 1864, in arranging the armament of its defenses. He was in the battle of Missionary Ridge, 23-25 November, 1863, and from 4 May till 1 October, 1864, took part in the Georgia campaign, being engaged at Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, and the siege and surrender of Atlanta. On 23 January, 1865, he was brevetted major general of volunteers, and on 13 March, 1865, received the brevet of brigadier-general in the regular army for his services at Atlanta, and that of major general for his services during the war. In 1870 he commanded the troops at Ogdensburg at the time of the threatened Fenian raids into Canada, and in 1877 at Philadelphia during the railroad riots. He was made colonel of the 4th artillery, 15 March, 1881, and was retired from active service on 19 April, 1882.
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