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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Celestine Rene Laurence Guynemer de La Hailandiere

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LA HAILANDIERE, Celestine Rene Laurence Guynemer de, R. C. bishop, born in Combourg, France, in 1798; died in Triandin, France, in 1882. He finished his classical education in the College of Rennes, was admitted to the bar, and made judge of the tribunal of Redon at the age of twenty-four, but soon resigned the office and entered the theological seminary of Rennes. He was ordained deacon in 1824, priest in 1825, and assigned to missionary duty in Rennes.

 

In 1836 he accompanied Bishop Bruté to the United States as his vicar-general, labored among the French Catholics of Vincennes, Indiana, and also assisted in the administration of the diocese. In 1838 he went to Europe to procure priests for German Catholics who were beginning to settle in Indiana. While engaged in this work he heard of the death of Bishop Bruté, and at the same time that he had been appointed his coadjutor, with right of succession. He was consecrated in 1839, and before he left France he sent several clerical students and priests.

 

He persuaded the Eudist fathers of Rennes to send a body of priests to found a college in Vincennes at their own expense, and induced the newly established Society of the Holy Cross to send some of their brothers, with a priest at their head, to found schools for boys in his diocese. He also induced skilled workmen, who were not then to be found so far in the western settlements, to follow him, by whose aid he afterward erected the beautiful cathedral of Vincennes.

 

With the money he had obtained in France he built a seminary in Vincennes, complete in all details, after the European plan, and founded a library. Through his energy the little village of Vincennes, consisting of a few hundred families, was transformed into a city. Afterward he obtained leave to remove his see to Indianapolis, as Vincennes was out of the line of travel, but he finally determined to remain.

 

Meanwhile dissatisfaction was springing up around him; he was accused of being arbitrary, and of not allowing his vicar-general and his other officials to take any part in the management of the diocese. In 1845 he went to Rome, laid his difficulties before the pope, and offered his resignation; but the pope refused to receive it, and invested De la Hailandiere with the dignity of assistant to the pontifical throne, and he hastened back, bringing more priests and students.

 

During his absence the discontent among the clergy and laity had taken greater proportions. He had, they said, meddled with every institution, changed priests from one place to another, and created such a feeling of general uneasiness that no one knew what he was to do or not to do.

 

The bishop acknowledged that there was some reason for dissatisfaction, and asked to be relieved, and this time his resignation was accepted. His health was somewhat shattered, and he wintered in New Orleans, and later went to New York, where, after making arrangements with Bishop Hughes for the publication of the life of Bruté, he sailed for France, where the rest of his life was spent. His remains were brought to the United States in 1882 and entombed near the three other bishops of Vincennes.

 

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, by John Looby Copyright © 2001 StanKlos.comTM

LA HAILANDIERE, Celestine Rene Laurence Guynemer de, R. C. bishop, born in Combourg, France, in 1798; died in Triandin, France, in 1882. He finished his classical education in the College of Rennes, was admitted to the bar, and made judge of the tribunal of Redon at the age of twenty-four, but soon resigned the office and entered the theological seminary of Rennes. He was ordained deacon in 1824, priest in 1825, and assigned to missionary duty in Rennes. In 1836 he accompanied Bishop Brute to the United States as his vicar-general, labored among the French Catholics of Vincennes, Indiana, and also assisted in the administration of the diocese. In 1838 he went to Europe to procure priests for German Catholics who were beginning to settle in Indiana. While engaged in this work he heard of the death of Bishop Brute, and at the same time that he had been appointed his coadjutor, with right of succession. He was consecrated in 1839, and before he left France he sent several clerical students and priests. He persuaded the Eudist fathers of Rennes to send a body of priests to found a college in Vincennes at their own expense, and induced the newly established Society of the holy cross to send some of their brothers, with a priest at their head, to found schools for boys in his diocese. He also induced skilled workmen, who were not then to be found so far in the western settlements, to follow him, by whose aid he afterward erected the beautiful cathedral of Vincennes. With the money he had obtained in France he built a seminary in Vincennes, complete in all details, after the European plan, and founded a library. Through his energy the little village of Vincennes, consisting of a few hundred families, was transformed into a city. Afterward he obtained leave to remove his see to Indianapolis, as Vincennes was out of the line of travel, but he finally determined to remain. Meanwhile dissatisfaction was springing up around him; he was accused of being arbitrary, and of not allowing his vicar-general and his other officials to take any part in the management of the diocese. In 1845 he went to Rome, laid his difficulties before the pope, and offered his resignation; but the pope refused to receive it, and invested De la Hailandiere with the dignity of assistant to the pontifical throne, and he hastened back, bringing more priests and students. During his absence the discontent among the clergy and laity had taken greater proportions. He had, they said, meddled with every institution, changed priests from one place to another, and created such a feeling of general uneasiness that no one knew what he was to do or not to do. The bishop acknowledged that there was some reason for dissatisfaction, and asked to be relieved, and this time his resignation was accepted. His health was somewhat shattered, and he wintered in New Orleans, and later went to New York, where, after making arrangements with Bishop Hughes for the publication of the life of Brute, he sailed for France, where the rest of his life was spent. His remains were brought to the United States in 1882 and entombed near the three other bishops of Vincennes.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 StanKlos.comTM

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