Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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JARAUTA, Cenobio (hah-row'-tah), Mexican insurgent, born in Spain late in the 18th century; died near Guanajuato, Mexico, 18 July, 1848. He entered a convent in Spain in early life, and during the civil war in that country, although he was a priest, raised men and became a Carlist leader, celebrated for his cruelties. He came to Mexico about 1841, and by the influence of his countrymen obtained a parish in Aguascalientes. Toward the end of June, 1848, a revolution against the government, headed by Father Jarauta, began in that city. Supported by the garrison of Lagos, Jarauta published in June a proclamation ignoring the existing government and providing for the instalment of another with monarchical tendency. Meanwhile the command of the forces was to be vested in the general officer of the highest rank who would accept the plan. General Mariano Paredes joined Jarauta and marched on Guanajuato. The governor of the place was deposed and Manuel Doblado appointed in his place, who issued an address to other governors; but they disapproved it, and General Minon was sent with a large force to attack the rebels. Much hard fighting ensued, but the most important action was on 18 July, 1848, when the town was assaulted and Jarauta taken prisoner, conveyed to La Valenciana near by, and shot. The guerilla force commanded by Father Jarauta had been much feared because they plundered both friends and enemies. The death of their leader disheartened the rebels, and, although their chiefs pretended to continue the struggle, they surrendered on the next day.
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