Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ROBB|NS, Chandler, clergyman, born in Bran-ford, Connecticut, 24 August, 1738; died in Plymouth, Massachusetts, 30 June, 1799. He was the son of Reverend Philemon Robbins, pastor of a church in Brandford, Connecticut, from 1732 till 1781, and was graduated at Yale in 1756, taught in an Indian school in Lebanon, stud-led theology, and was ordained pastor of the Congregational church in Plymouth, Massachusetts, remaining there until his death. The degree of D. D. was conferred on him by Dartmouth in 1792, and by the University of Edinburgh in 1793. He published " A Reply to John Cotton's Essays on Baptism" (1773); "An Address at Plymouth to the Inhabitants assembled to celebrate the Victories of the French Republic over their Invaders" (1793) ; "An Anniversary Sermon on the Landing at Plymouth" (1793); and other discourses.--His brother, Ammi Ruhamah, clergyman, born in Branford, Connecticutt, 25 August, 1740; died in Norfolk, Connecticut, 30 October, 1813, was graduated at Yale in 1760, taught in Plymouth, Massachusetts, studied theology, and on 28 October, 1761, was ordained pastor of a Congregational church in Norfolk, Connecticut, which had been organized in 1760, remaining there until his death. In March, 1776, he joined Gem Philip Schuyler's brigade &&t Albany as chaplain, and served in Canada. He was elected a trustee of Williams college in 1794. He published several sermons, including a " Half-Century Sermon " (1811).--Ammi Ruhamah's son, Thomas, clergyman, born in Norfolk, Connecticut, 11 August, 1777; died in Colebrook, Connecticut, 13 September, 1856, was descended through his mother from Governor William Bradford, of Plymouth colony. He studied at Yale, but was graduated at Williams in 1796, also receiving his degree from Yale in that year. He was licensed to preach as a Congregational minister on 25 September, 1798, had charge of the academy in Danville, Connecticut, from 1799 till 1802, and labored as a missionary in Ohio in 1803-'6. He was then pastor of Congregational churches in East Windsor, Connecticut, in 1809-'27, in Stratford, Connecticut, in 1830-'1, in Mattapoisett in 1831, and in Rochester, Massachusetts, from 1832 till 1842. Subsequently he resided in Hartford, Connecticut Harvard gave him the degree of D. D. in 1838. He was a member of the New England historic genealogical society, of the American antiquarian society, and a founder of the Connecticut historical society, of which he was librarian in 1844, and to which he gave his private library. This was deposited in the Wadsworth athenaeum at Hartford, and was valued at $10,000. It contains, in addition to rare books and manuscripts, an old pine chest that was brought over in the "Mayflower," on the lid of which the passengers signed their compact, and also a set of interleaved almanacs in which Dr. Robbins kept a record of his life. This diary has been edited by Increase N. Tarbox (2 vols., Boston, 1886-'7). He delivered an oration on the " Death of General Washington " at Danbury on 2 January, 1800. In addition to many sermons he was the author of a " Historical View of the First Planters of New England," written for the "Connecticut Evangelical Magazine" (Hartford, 1815); revised and continued James Tytler's " Elements of General History" (1815); and edited the first and second American editions of Cotton Mather's "Megnalia Christi Americana " (1820 and 1853). He also issued anonymously a work on "All Religions and Religious Ceremonies" (1823).--Chandler's grandson, Chandler, clergyman, born in Lynn, Massachusetts, 14 February, 1810; died in Weston, Massachusetts, 11 September, 1882, was graduated at Harvard in 1829, and at the divinity-school in 1833, when he was ordained pastor of the Second church in Boston, of which Ralph Waldo Emerson had been in charge. He remained there until his resignation in 1874, when he was the oldest settled pastor in Boston, and during his pastorate a new church edifice was erected in Boylston street, he was chaplain of the Massachusetts senate in 1834 and of the state house of representatives in 1845, and was largely interested in philanthropy, and was a founder of the Children's hospital in 1869. Harvard gave him the degree of D. D. in 1855. Dr. Robbins was a member of the Massachusetts historical society, an editor of its proceedings, a frequent contributor to periodicals, and the author of "'A History of the Second or Old North Church in Boston "(Boston, 1852): "Liturgy for the Use of a Christian Church" (1854); "Hymn-Book" (1854); "Memoir of Maria E. Clapp" (1858) ; "Memoir of William Appleton" (1863); "Memoir of the Hon. Benjamin R. Curtis, LL.D." (1878); and sermons and addresses.
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