Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KERATRY, Charles Albert, Chevalier de (kay'-rah'-tre'), French soldier, born in Dinah in 1753; died in Nantes in 1794. He was sent to this country by Beaumarchais in 1776, and served during the war of independence in 1776-'83, being wounded at Brandywine and at Yorktown. Congress brevetted him colonel at the close of the war, and he was made a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. In 1785 he was appointed major of the Port au Prince regiment in Santo Domingo, and was conspicuous among the members of the council who urged Governor Blanchelande to disobey the orders of the home government and to refuse to the negroes the benefit of the clement laws that had been voted by the constituent assembly in 1790. He was instrumental in bringing about by his intolerance the rebellion of 1'791, and was left for dead during the massacres" but, having recovered, he organized a company of volunteers and made terrible havoc among the negroes. Going to Louisiana in 1793, he offered his services to the Spanish government, and commanded for some time the artillery of the colony; but his hatred of the blacks and the cruelties to which he resorted caused his resignation in 1793. On his arrival in France he was arrested, and after a mock trial condemned to death and executed. He published "La colonic Francaise de Saint Domingue" ses ressources, commerce, industrie" de la population erdol9 et des negres" (Paris, 1790).
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