Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CROSS, Charles E., soldier, born in Massachusetts in 1837; died near Fredericksburg, Virginia, 5 May 1863. He was graduated at the U. S. military academy in May 1861, standing second in a class of forty-five, and was assigned to the engineer corps. He was engaged in drilling volunteers at Washington, D. C., and as assistant engineer in constructing the defenses of that City till March 1862, participating in the battle of Bull Run on 21 July 1861, and being promoted to first lieutenant on 6 August ]n the Virginia peninsular campaign he was engaged in the siege of Yorktown, and in the construction of roads, field-works, and bridges for the passage of the army and its immense trains over White Oak swamp and Chickahominy river. He commanded an engineer battalion at Antietam, and received the brevet of lieutenant colonel for gallantry there, having previously been given that of major for services on the peninsula. He was engaged in building the pontoon bridges for the advance and retreat of the army at Fredericksburg, and was employed in throwing up field-works, making surveys, and guarding bridges, in the early part of 1863, being promoted to captain of engineers on 3 March. He was at the battle of Chancellorsville, 3-5 May 1863, and was killed while assisting to throw a bridge across the Rappahannock, in the face of the enemy. For his gallantry on this occasion he was given, after his death, the brevet of colonel.
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