Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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EDEN, Charles, governor of North Carolina, born in 1673; died in North Carolina, 17 March 1722. He was appointed governor on 13 July 1713, and his administration was marked by the arrest of the pirate Edward Teach, called "Black Beard." Eden had offered Teach the royal pardon if he would give himself up, whereupon he surrendered with twenty of his followers, and for a time occupied himself as a good citizen, but soon returned to his old habits. Eden was even suspected of an intimacy with him, and Edward Mosely, a prominent colonist, declared that the governor could raise an armed posse to arrest honest men, but could not raise a similar force to apprehend Teach. For his accusations, Mosely was arrested, fined £100, and debarred from holding office for three years ; and in 1719 the governor gave to the council a full account of his dealings with the pirate, which was approved by them. The government of Virginia finally sent out an expedition against Teach, and the pirate was killed in a hand-to-hand combat with its commander, Lieutenant Maynard. In 1720 the town of Edenton was named for the governor. His tombstone, which stands on Salmon creek, Bertie County, N. C., bears an inscription to the effect that "He brought the country into a flourishing condition, and died much lamented."
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