Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ELIOT, Charles, author, born in Boston in 1791: died in 1813. He was graduated at Harvard in 1809, and studied divinity, but gave up preaching on account of failing health. His first writings appeared in the "General Repository," a Boston periodical, and he was specially interested in the preparation of Scheusner's "Lexicon." His" Miscellaneous Writings" were edited by Andrews Anton (Cambridge, 1814).
Charles's nephew, Samuel Eliot, author, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 22 December 1821, was graduated at Harvard in 1839, spent two years in a Boston counting house, and four years in foreign travel and study. On his return he took private pupils, organized a charity school for vagrant children, and instructed classes of young workingmen gratuitously. He was professor of history and political science in Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut, in 1856'64, its president in 1860'4, and lecturer on constitutional law and political science in 1864'74. He also lectured at Harvard in 1870'3, was head master of the girls' high school in Boston in 1872'6, and superintendent of Boston public schools in 1878'80. He was an overseer of Harvard in 1866'72, and in 1868'72" was president of the American social science association, by which the first movement in favor of civil service reform was organized in 1869.
He became a member of the Boston school committee in 1885, and is president of various charitable and educational institutions. Columbia gave him the degree of LL.D. in 1863, and Harvard in 1880. He has published "Passages from the History of Liberty" (Boston, 1847), and "The Liberty of Rome" (2 vols.. New York, 1849; revised ed., entitled ':The Ancient Romans" Boston, 1853). This forms Part I. of a "History of Liberty," of which Part II. is entitled "The Early Christians" (2 vols., 1853). The plan of the work embraces five parts, of which the three remaining are to treat of the "Papal Ages," the "Monarchical Ages," and the "American Nation." Dr. Eliot has also published a " Manual of United States History between the Years 1792 and 1850" (Boston, 1856; revised ed., 1873); three volumes of selections for public schools, entitled ' Poetry for Children" (1879); "Stories from the Arabian Nights" (1879); and " Selections from American Authors" (New York, 1879); and many reviews, essays, and addresses, issued in pamphlet form.
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