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BOUCHERVILLE, Charles Eugene Boucher de, Canadian senator, born in Boucherville, Quebec, in 1820. He was educated at St. Sulpice College, Montreal, and was graduated in medicine at Paris. He entered Lower Canada house of assembly in 1861 as a conservative, was appointed to the Quebec legislative council in 1867, and elected speaker of that house. In 1873, when the premier, Mr. Chauveau, disagreed with his cabinet and resigned, Mr. De Boucherville became premier, secretary and registrar, and minister of public instruction. In 1876 he left the department of public instruction for that of agriculture and public works. In December of the same year the Hon. Luc Letellier de St. Just, a liberal senator, was appointed lieutenant governor of Quebec on the recommendation of Mr. Mackenzie's dominion government. On 1 March 1878, Mr. Letellier dismissed the De Boucherville cabinet, although it was sustained in the legislative assembly by a majority of twenty or more, and in the legislative council by more than two to one. The lieutenant governor attempted to justify himself by preferring various charges against the De Boucherville administration, most of which were baseless, or trivial. The premier met one charge with a denial that the province was in a state of penury. A much graver accusation was to the effect that the premier had acknowledged that certain railway grants had been necessitated by political considerations; that without them the support of the members of the legislature whose counties were traversed by those railways could no longer be secured by the government; that there would be no means of having a majority; that the members formed "rings" to control the house. Mr. Letellier claimed that in consequence of this admission he was justified in assuming that Mr. De Boucherville did not possess a constitutional majority in the legislative assembly. Mr. De Boucherville, in his explanations to the governor-general with reference to this particular charge, claimed that the railway subsidy legislation, whether good or bad, had been sustained by a large majority of the people at the subsequent general elections, and was therefore no longer a proper subject for discussion in the connection in which it had been introduced; he also denied that he had been controlled by " rings." Both houses of the Quebec legislature passed a vote of censure on the lieutenant governor. The following year Mr. De Boucherville was called to the senate. When the conservatives came into power, Sir John A. Macdonald's cabinet advised the dismissal of the lieutenant governor of Quebec; but the governor-general, Lord Lorne, referred the whole matter to the colonial secretary at London. The latter requested the governor-general to take the advice of his ministers, and the consequence was that Lieut.-Governor Letellier was dismissed.
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