Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LALLEMAND, Charles Francois Antoine, Baron, French soldier, born in Metz, 23 June, 1774; died in Paris, 9 March, 1839. He entered the army in 1792, served in the different campaigns under Napoleon, became a brigadier-general and baron in 1811, and was made a lieutenant-general and a member of the Chamber of peers on Napoleon's return from Elba. He was with the emperor during the Waterloo campaign, commanded a division at that battle, and was sent by Napoleon as a commissioner to negotiate for his surrender to Captain Maitland, of the British navy. He requested to be sent to join Napoleon at St. Helena, but instead was arrested and imprisoned at Malta. He afterward came to the United States, and with his brother, Baron Henry, planned a colony in Alabama as an asylum for European political exiles; but, it proving a failure, they located a "champ d'asile" on Trinity river in Texas, which then belonged to Mexico. In 1.817 he assembled 150 colonists at this place, but was driven out of Texas by the Mexican authorities, and then returned to the former project of a colony in Alabama. Aided by bountiful subscriptions from Paris, lands were again obtained, and the colony of Marengo was founded on the banks of Tombigbee river. Lallemand. however, took no part in the Marengo scheme, and, after originating many wild projects, he settled in Louisiana in 1818. While there he began a correspondence with Napoleon, whom he proposed to liberate from St. Helena. The ex-emperor, on his death in 1821, bequeathed 100,000 francs to Lallemand; but the French government opposed his receiving the money in consequence of his having been condemned to death during his absence from France. He fought in the Spanish war in 1823, went afterward to Brussels, and entered France without molestation. He then returned to the United States and established a successful school in New York. He returned to Paris in 1830, was restored to his military and political honors under Louis Philippe in 1832, took his seat in the house of peers, and was for two years military commander in Corsica.--His brother, Henri Domninique, French soldier, born in France in 1777; died in Bordentown, New Jersey, 15 September, 1823, served with distinction under Napoleon, who made him a general of division in the "hundred days," and fought at Waterloo. In 1815 he came to the United States, married a niece of Stephen Girard, and settled at Bordentown. N.J. He is the author of "A Treatise on Artillery " (New York, 1820).
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