Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GOLDSBOROUGH, Charles, statesman, born in Maryland in 1760; died in Shoals, Maryland, 13 December 1834. He served in congress as a Federalist from 2 December 1805, to 3 March, 1817, and was governor of Maryland in 1818-'19.--His cousin, Charles Washington, clerk of the navy department, born in Cambridge, Maryland, 18 April, 1779; died in Washington, D. C., 14 September, 1843, was the first clerk of the bureau of provisions and clothing of the United States navy, and chief clerk of the naval department from 1798 to 1812, under Sees. Benjamin Stoddart, Robert Smith, and Paul Hamilton. From 1841 until separate naval bureaus were established he was secretary of the naval board. He is the author of "The U. S. Naval Chronicle" (Washington, 1824), and an unpublished "History of the American Navy," now in manuscript and in the possession of the senior editor of this work.--Charles Washington's son, Louis Malesherbes, naval officer, born in Washington, D. C., 18 February, 1805; died there, 20 February, ]877, entered the navy as midshipman at seven years of age. He was promoted lieutenant in January, 1825, and, after serving a short time in the Mediterranean squadron, went to Paris and passed two years in study. In 1827 he joined the "North Carolina" in the Mediterranean, and while cruising in the schooner "Porpoise," in the Greclan archipelago, he commanded a night expedition of four boats and thirty-five men for the recovery of the English brig "Comet," which had been captured by Greek pirates. After a fierce fight, in which ninety of the pirates were killed, the "Comet" was rescued, and on the arrival of the expedition at Malta he received the thanks of the English government. In 1833 he married the daughter of William Wirt, and went to Florida, taking with him a colony of Germans to cultivate lands belonging to his father-in-law. During the Semi-hole war he commanded a company of volunteer cavalry, and also an armed steamer. In September, 1841, he was promoted commander. During the Mexican war he was executive officer of the frigate "Ohio;" which bombarded Vera Cruz in March, 1847. He was senior member of the joint army and naval commission to explore Oregon and California, and to report on various military matters in 1849. From 1853 till 1857 he was superintendent of the United States naval academy, and commanded the sloop "Levant" in the Mediterranean, and the frigate "Congress" in the Brazil squadron in 1858-'60. He was commissioned captain in 1855. At the beginning of the civil war in 1.861 he was appointed flag-officer, and placed in command of the "Minnesota," of the North Atlantic blockading squadron. In September, 1861, he planned and executed a joint army and navy expedition to the sounds of North Carolina, and captured Roanoke island, 5 February, 1862. (See BURNSIDE, AMBROSE.) He received the thanks of congress for this service. He was made rear admiral in July, 1862, and assigned in 1863 to the duty of preparing a code of regulations for the naval service, and of revising the book of naval allowances. In 1865 he commanded the European squadron, and after 1867 he was on special duty. In 1873 he was placed on the retired list, and made his home in Washington. At the time of his death he had been in the service longer than any other naval officer then living, and had seen more active duty. --Another son, John Rodgers, naval officer, born in Washington, D. C., 2 July, 1808; died there, 22 June, 1877, became midshipman in 1824, lieutenant in 1837, commander in 1855, captain in 1862, and commodore in 1867. While midshipman on the sloop "Warren," of the Mediterranean squadron, in 1824-'30, he was engaged against the Greek pirates, and in a launch with nineteen men captured the schooner "Helene," of four guns, and manned by fifty-eight pirates. In 1844-'50 he was attached to the coast survey, and in 1851-'4 to the sloop "Saratoga." During the civil war he commanded the steamer " Union" in 1861, employed in blockading Charleston, Savannah, and Cape Hatteras. He captured and sunk the Confederate schooner "York," and bombarded the fort off Point Mathias on the Potomac. He commanded the " Florida," of the South Atlantic blockading squadron, in 1862, and the "Colorado," of the West Gulf blockading squadron, in 1863. In 1866-'8 he served in the East India squadron, on the sloop "Shenandoah." In 1870 he was retired.
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