Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GRATIOT, Charles, soldier, born in Missouri in 1788; died in St. Louis, Missouri, 18 May, 1855. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1806, and entered the army as 2d lieutenant of engineers. He was appointed captain in 1808, and served with distinction in the war with Great Britain as chief engineer of Harrison's army in 1813-'14, when he was brevetted colonel. He was engaged in the defence of Fort Meigs in 1813, and in the attack on Fort Mackinac in 1814. In 1815 he was appointed major of engineers, and superintended the fortifications on" the Delaware River, and subsequently those in Hampton Roads, Virginia He became lieutenant colonel in 1819, and colonel and principal engineer in charge of the engineer bureau of Washington, D. C., in 1828. He was brevetted brigadier-general. 24 May, 1828, and appointed to be inspector of West Point, which office he held until 6 December 1838, when he was dismissed by the president for having failed to pay into the treasury certain balances of money placed in his hands for public purposes. After holding a clerk took place on 9 April at St. Domingue, and three ship in the land-office in Washington, D. C., from days later Rodney, by skilful movements, drew the 1840 till 1855, he went to St. Louis, where he died in destitute circumstances. Fort Gratiot, on St. Clair River, Michigan, and the villages of Gratiot, in Michigan and Wisconsin, were named in his honor.
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