Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GREY, Charles, British soldier, born in England, 23 October, 1729; died 14 November, 1807. In 1757 he was aide-de-camp to the Duke of Brunswick, and took part in the battle of Minden, in which he was wounded. He was appointed lieutenant colonel in 1761, and commanded the 95th regiment at the capture of Belle Isle in 1768. In 1772 he received the commission of colonel. He accompanied Howe to Boston in 1775, and was raised by him to the local rank of major general. On the night of 21 September, 1777, he surprised General Wayne near the Paoli Tavern on the Lancaster road, where the latter was encamped. Grey approached stealthily, and, ordering the flints to be taken from the guns, attacked the patriots with the bayonet, defearing them with great slaughter. For this act he received the name of " No Flint Grey." He took an active part in the battle of Germantown, 4 October, 1777, and in the following year destroyed the shipping and stores in New Bedford and Martha's Vineyard. On 7 September, 1778, he surprised Baylor's Virginia regiment, which lay at Tappan on the Hudson, and massacred the entire corps of dragoons. In 1793 he was employed in Flanders. At the beginning of hostilities between Great Britain and France in the following year, he was appointed to command the land forces that were sent, in conjunction with the naval armament under Lord Howe, to reduce the West Indies to submission, and captured the islands of Martinique and St. Lucie. In 1795 he was made general. He was raised to the peerage in 1801, received the title of Earl Grey in 1807, and was the father of the celebrated English statesman of that name.
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