Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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McCAWLEY, Charles Grymes, officer of marines, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 29 January, 1827. He was appointed from Louisiana 2d lieutenant in the marine corps on 3 March, 1847; became 1st lieutenant, 2 January, 1855 ; captain, 26 July, 1861 ; major, 10 June, 1864 ; and lieutenant-colonel, 5 December, 1867. He served with the army in Mexico, being present at the storming of Chapultepec and the capture of the city of Mexico, for gallantry in which actions he was brevetted 1st lieutenant, 13 September, 1847. In May, 1862, he was sent to reoccupy the Norfolk navy-yard with a force of 200 men, and hoisted the National flag on behalf of the navy. In July, 1863, he was ordered to join a battalion of marines for service in the South Atlantic squadron, and was present on Morris island during the bombardment and destruction of Fort Sumter and the capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg. In the boat attack on Fort Sumter, 8 September, 1863, he led a detachment of 100 men and officers, and received a brevet as major for his bravery on that occasion. Since 1876 he has been in command of the marine corps with rank of colonel, and headquarters at Washington.
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