Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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FOLGER, Charles James, jurist, born in Nantucket, Mass., 16 April 18118; died in Geneva, New York, 4 September 1884. In 1831 he removed with his father to Geneva, N.Y. He was graduated at Geneva (now Hobart) College in 1836, studied law in Canandaigua, was admitted to the bar in Albany in 1839, and. after practicing a short time in Lyons, settled in Geneva in 1840. In 1843 he became a judge of the court of common pleas in Ontario County, and soon afterward was also made master and examiner in chancery, which offices were abolished by the constitutional convention of 1846. He was also County judge in 1852'6. He was a Democrat till 1854, when he joined the newly formed Republican Party, he was a state senator in 1861'9, acting for four years of the time as president pro tempore, and was chairman of the judiciary committee during the whole period. He was a member of the New York constitutional convention of 1867, and chairman of its judiciary committee. By the appointment of President Grant he was U. S. assistant treasurer in New York City from 1869 till 1870. He was elected associate judge of the state court of appeals in 1871, and on the death of Chief Justice Church, in 1880, he was designated by Governor Cornell to fill the unexpired term of that officer. In November of that year he was reelected to the bench of the court of appeals for the full term of fourteen years, but resigned in 1881 on his appointment by President Arthur to the treasury portfolio, which he retained till his death. The New York state Republican convention in September 1882, nominated him for governor, but through a defection in his party he was defeated by Grover Cleveland by nearly 200,000 majority. He took his defeat so much to heart that, in the opinion of those who knew him well, his health was seriously affected thereby.
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