Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GARDNER, Charles K., soldier, born in Norris County, New Jersey, in 1787; died in Washington, D. C., 1 November, 1869. He entered the army as ensign in the 6th United States infantry in May, 1808. In the war of 1812 he was promoted captain of the 3d infantry, and was adjutant general of the division of the north, under General Jacob Brown. He participated in the battles of Chrystler's Field, Chippewa, and Niagara, was at the siege of Fort Erie, and in February, 1815, was promoted lieutenant colonel for distinguished service. At the battle of Niagara, in which General Winfield Scott was severely wounded, Colonel Gardner carried him off the field. In 1816 he was appointed adjutant general of the northern division of the army, which post he resigned in 1827. During both terms of General Jackson's administration he was first assistant postmaster-general, and he was auditor of the treasury in the post-office department under President Van Buren from 1836 till 1841. During the administration of President Polk he was postmaster of the City of Washington. In 1850 he was transferred to the treasury department, where he remained until advanced age compelled his resignation in 1867. He is the author of "A Dictionary of Commissioned Officers who have served in the Army of the United States from 1789 to 1853" (New York, 1853) ; "A Compendium of Military Tactics"; and " A Permanent Designation of Companies, and Company Books, by the First Letters of the Alphabet."
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