Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PANAT, Charles Louis Etienne, Chevalier de, French naval officer, born in Brest in 1762; died in Paris, 26 January, 1834. He was the fourth son of Count de Panat, a "chef d'escadre," who had distinguished himself in Canadian waters. Entering the navy as a midshipman in 1776, the son took part in the war for American independence, and, although only a 2d lieutenant in 1780, he was intrusted with the command of a brig, and captured many English vessels near Boston. In the combat in Chesapeake bay between the first division of De Grasse's fleet and the British squadron he took an English frigate, and he afterward commanded a company of marines in the two assaults on Yorktown, where he was severely wounded. After the conclusion of peace in 1783 he was promoted captain, created knight of Saint Louis, and made a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. In 1790 he took part in the first expedition of Santo Domingo, but, disapproving the principles of the French revolution, he resigned and emigrated in 1792. He returned to Paris in 1800, and held during the whole of Napoleon's reign the office of permanent under-secretary of the navy, which he exchanged at the restoration of Louis XVIII. for that of secretary-general to the board of admiralty, with the rank of rear-admiral. He published "Histoire des operations des armees navales pendant la guerre pour l'independance de l'Amerique, de 1778 '£ 1782, dans le .golfe du Mexique, aux Antilles, sur les cotes des Etats-Unis, de la Floride Boston, et dans l'ocean Indien" (Paris, 1813).
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