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MANLY, Charles, governor of North Carolina, born in Chatham county, North Carolina, 13 May, 1795; died in Raleigh, North Carolina, 1 May, 1871. He was graduated at the University of North Carolina in 1814, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1816. In 1823 he was appointed reading-clerk of the state house of commons, and also clerk of the commission at Washington for the adjudication of claims against the British government for property taken in the war of 1812. In 1830 he became principal clerk of the house of commons, which office he held by successive elections till 1848, when he was elected governor. In 1850 he was nominated again by the Whig convention, but was defeated.--His brother, Basil, clergyman, born in Chatham county, North Carolina, 28 January, 1798; died in Greenville, South Carolina, 21 December, 1868, was regularly licensed as a Baptist preacher in 1818. He was graduated at South Carolina college in 1821, ordained in March, 1822, and was pastor of churches in Edgefield Court-House, and then Charleston. There he gained a high reputation as a preacher, and exerted himself to promote missions and education. In 1837 he resigned his pastorate on being chosen president of the University of Alabama, which post he relinquished in 1855 on account of failing health, and again became pastor of a church in Charleston. Subsequently he engaged in missionary travels throughout Alabama, and was for some time a pastor in Montgomery. Dr. Manly led in the movement that resulted in the organization of the southern Baptist convention in 1845, and in the effort to establish and maintain the Southern Baptist theological seminary, which was opened at Greenville, South Carolina, in 1859. He was the author of occasional sermons and addresses, and with his son Basil published "The Baptist Psalmody" (Charleston, 1850). A "Memoir," by James P. Boyce, has been published (1869).--Another brother, Matthias Evans, lawyer, born in Chatham county, North Carolina, 13 April, 1800; died in New-Berne, North Carolina, 16 July, 1881, was graduated at the University of North Carolina in 1824, studied law with his brother Charles, and. after admission to the bar, settled in New Berne. He was a member of the state house of commons in 1834-'5, was elected in 1840 a judge of the superior court, and filled that office till 1860, when he was chosen a justice of the supreme court. This post he resigned at the close of the civil war. Soon after the termination of hostilities he was elected by the legislature to represent the state in the United States senate, but was not allowed to take his seat. He continued to practise law at New Berne, and was subsequently chosen county judge.--Basil's son, Basil, clergyman, born in Edgefield county, South Carolina, 19 December, 1825, was graduated at the University of Alabama in 1843, and studied theology first at Newton, and then at Princeton seminary, where he was graduated in 1847. He was ordained as a Baptist minister at Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 30 January, 1848, and, after preaching at Providence and Tuscaloosa successively, became pastor of the 1st church in Richmond, Virginia, in 1850. In 1854 he resigned on account of failing health, and accepted the presidency of the Richmond female institute. On the organization of the Southern Baptist theological seminary at Greenville, South Carolina, in 1859, he became one of the original professors, taking the chair of biblical introduction and Old Testament interpretation. In 1871 he accepted the presidency of Georgetown college, Kentucky, and occupied that post till 1879, when he again became a professor in the Southern Baptist seminary, which had been removed to Louisville, Kentucky he received the degree of D. D. from the University of Alabama in 1859, and that of LL. D. from the Agricultural college at Auburn, Alabama, in 1874. Dr. Manly is the editor of the "Kind Words Teacher" for Sunday-schools, published in Atlanta, Georgia, and author of "A Call to the Ministry" (Philadelphia, 1867).
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