Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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SALABERRY, Charles Michel d'Irulnberry de, Seigneur de Chambly et de Beaulac, Canadian soldier, born at the manor-house of BeauFort, Lower Canada, 19 November, 1778; died in Chambly, 26 February, 1829. His father, descended from a noble family, was a legislative councillor in Canada, and placed his four sons in the army, Charles being the only one that attained distinction. He entered the British service when young, and served for eleven years under General Prescott in the West Indies, was present at the capture of Martinique in 1785, and accompanied General de Rottenburg in the Walch-eren expedition as aide-de-camp. When recalled to Canada, he commanded the Voltigeurs, and became also one of the chiefs of staff of the militia. Late in 1812 he and his Voltigeurs, together with M. D'Eschambault's advance-guard, were attacked at Lacolle by 1,400 men of Gen Dearborn's army, who were forced to retreat. Subsequently I)e Salaberry's corps participated in the battle of Chrysler's Farm, which also was disastrous to the Americans. He afterward attacked Gem Wade Hampton's forces at Four Corners, on the Odeltown route, when Hampton decided to join Dearborn by taking the route leading to Chateau-guay. De Salaberry, anticipating such a movement, ascended the left bank of the river and took up advantageous positions and established lines of de-fence. On 25 October, Gem Hampton, with 3,500 men, advanced against the British defences, and with 1,500 men attempted to turn the position, leaving in reserve the remainder of his troops. De Sala-berry, warned of this movement, placed himself in the centre of the first line of defence, leaving the second in charge of Lieutenant-Colonel MacDonell. The Americans were foiled in all their efforts, and De Salaberry's men poured in a deadly fire upon the Americans, when Gem Hampton ordered a retreat. This action was regarded as so important in Great Britain that a gold medal was struck commemorating it, and De Salaberry received the order of the Bath. He subsequently entered political life, and became a legislative councillor in 1818.
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