Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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OLIVE, Charles, surnamed 1' (o-leeve), French buccaneer, born in Dieppe about 1630" died in Santo Domingo in 1673. fie came in his youth to Tortuga as an "engage," and after serving three years in that capacity was received among the buccaneers. He took part in the expedition against Panama under Henry Morgan in 1671, and commanded several others in association with various chiefs, but was captured by Spanish soldiers in the interior of Santo Domingo, and carried to the capital. During their confinement in the dungeon he trod his companions contracted yellow fever. The day set for their execution having arrived, they ware carried to a place outside the city to be beheaded, and released at the last moment by the sudden attack of some fellow-buccaneers, but the latter, on being told by them of their frightful disease, fled in terror. The captives soon died in chains on the place of execution, as nobody dared to touch them, and the epidemic, spreading, devastated the city. The memory of this event lived long in the colonies, and painters have reproduced it on canvas. Novelists also have taken it as a theme, among them Emmanuel Gonzales in his "Brethren of the Coast." L'Olive was said by some to be the son of a nobleman, either the Count de Casse-Brissac or the Marquis de Rochefort, who are believed to have joined the buccaneers--one through disappointment in love, and the other to escape capital punishment for a crime.
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