Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MARIGNY, Charles Rene Louis, Viscount de Bernard de (mah-reer-ye), French naval officer, born in Seez, Normandy, 1 February, 1740; died in Brest, 25 July, 1815. He became a midshipman in 1755, and lieutenant in 1757, and served in Santo Domingo from 1767 till 1774. In 1775 he made an extended cruise through the West Indies, and in 1778 he commanded the frigate "La Belle Poule," on which Benjamin Franklin returned to the United States. They encountered two English men-of-war, but Marigny eluded their pursuit. He captured an English ship at the battle of Ouessant in 1778, became post-captain and a knight of St. Louis in the following year, and served under De Guichen, D'Estaing, and De Grasse at the battles off St. Christopher, 25 and 26 January, 1782. He participated in seven naval bat-ties during the war of American independence. Afterward he served as naval commander in Brest, and became rear-admiral in 1792, but resigned a few months later, and was imprisoned during the reign of terror, Louis XVIII. appointed him vice-admiral and knight-commander of St. Louis in 1814, but he refused to re-enter the service.
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