Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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McCAULEY, Charles Stewart, naval officer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 3 February, 1793 ; died in Washington, D. C., 21 May, 1869. He was a nephew of Admiral Charles Stewart, and became a midshipman in the navy, 16 January, 1809, rising to the rank of lieutenant, 9 December, 1814, commander, 3 March, 1831, and captain, 9 December, 1839. He served on the "Constellation" in 1813, and took part in the gunboat attack on the British frigate "Narcissus " in Hampton Roads, and in the defence of Craney island. He served as acting lieutenant of the "Jefferson" in 1814 on Lake Ontario. In 1823 he obtained leave of absence, and for two years commanded a vessel in the merchant marine. Refusing an offer of $10,000 a year from a shipping firm, he then returned to duty, and served four years in the "Boston," in the South Atlantic squadron. In April, 1855, McCauley was placed in command of the home squadron, and directed by the secretary of the navy to go to the island of Cuba and protect American interests. For his success in this he was publicly complimented on his return in June by President Pierce at a dinner at the White House. In 1860 he was ordered to the command of the Gosport navy-yard, and in 1861 he destroyed a large amount of property there, to prevent its falling into the hands of the Confederates. He was placed on the retired list, 21 December, 1861, and promoted commodore. 4 April, 1867.--His nephew, Edward gorke, naval officer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2 November, 1826, was appointed midshipman in the navy, 9 September, 1841, and promoted lieutenant. 14 September, 1855. He resigned, 19 August, 1859, but entered the service again as acting lieutenant, 11 May, 1861. He was made lieutenant-commander, 16 July, 1862; commander, 27 September, 1866; captain, 3 September, 1872; commodore, 7 August, 1881; and rear-admiral, 2 March. 1885. He was present in the "Powhatan" at the attack on pirates in the China seas in 1855, took part in the "Niagara" in laying the Atlantic cable in 1857-'8, and served in the " Flag" in the South Atlantic blockading squadron in 1861-'2. He commanded the steamer " Fort Henry," of the Eastern Gulf blockading squadron in 1862-'3, and in 1863-'4, when in command of the "Tioga," took part in the boat attack on Bayport, Florida In 1864-'5 he had charge of the gun-boat "Benton," of the Mississippi squadron. In 1886 Admiral McCauley commanded the Pacific station, and in February, 1887, he was retired. He has published "The Egyptian Manual and Dictionary" (Philadelphia, 1883-'4).
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