Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ARMAND, Charles Trefin, Marquis de la Rouaire, French soldier, born in Fougeres, France, 14 April 1751 ; died near Lambelle, 30 January. 1793. At an early age he entered the Garde du Corps in Paris, but fought a duel about an actress, was dismissed from the service, and in consequence left France. Coming to the American colonies, he volunteered in the cause of the revolution, 10 May 1777, and received from congress a commission as colonel under the name of Charles Armand. He participated in the engagement at Red Bank, was with Lafayette in New Jersey, and was active in Westchester County, New York, opposing the forces of Simcoe, Emmerick, and Baremore, the latter of whom he captured near Kingsbridge, 8 November 1779. The following year his corps was incorporated with
Pulaski's. In 1781, becoming dissatisfied with the promotions in the army, and seeing no chance of advancement, he returned to France, procured clothing and accoutrements from his own means, and crossed the Atlantic again in time to participate in the victory at Yorktown. March 26, 1783, congress conferred on him the rank of Brigadier-General. He was very severe in his denunciation of General Gates on account of the defeat at Camden. ]n 1783 he returned to France and became an actor in the French revolution, taking part with the royalists of La Vendee. Five years later he was appointed one of twelve deputies sent to Paris by Brittany to demand the preservation of the privileges of that province, and in 1791 became the leader of a secret organization whose ramifications extended throughout Brittany, Anjou, and Poitou, its purpose being to act with the army of the allies. But the design was betrayed, and he became a fugitive. From various retreats he directed for several months the preparations for revolt, but the execution of Louis XVI. gave his system such a shock that he rapidly sank under a nervous malady. He was urbane and polished in manner, an eloquent and persuasive speaker, a gallant leader, and a man greatly beloved.
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