Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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AUGUR, Christopher Colon, soldier, born in New York in 1821. He was graduated at West Point in 1843, having been appointed to the academy from Michigan. During the Mexican war he served as aide-de-camp to General Hopping, and, after his death, to General Caleb Cushing. He was promoted captain 1 August 1852, and served with distinction in a campaign against the Indians in Oregon in 1856. On 14 May 1861, he was appointed major m the 13th infantry, and was for a time commandant of cadets at West Point. In November of that year he was commissioned a Brigadier-General of volunteers, and joined McDowell's corps. In July 1862, he was assigned to a division under General Banks, and in the battle of Cedar Mountain, 9 August was severely wounded. He sat on the military court that investigated the surrender of Harper's Ferry. He was promoted Major-General 9 August 1862, and in November joined his corps and took part in the Louisiana campaign. At the siege of Port Hudson he commanded the left wing of the army, and for meritorious services on that occasion he was brevetted Brigadier-General in the United States army, 13 March 1865, receiving on the same date the brevet of Major-General for services in the field during the rebellion. From 13 October 1863, to 13 August 1866, he was commandant of the Department of Washington ; from 15 January 1867, to 13 November 1871, of the Department of the Platte ; then of the Department of Texas until March 1875; of the Department of the Gulf until 1 July 1878, and subsequently of the Department of the South and the Department of the Missouri, and in 1885 was retired. On 15 August 1886, he was shot and dangerously wounded by a Negro whom he attempted to chastise for using coarse language in .front of his house in Washington.*His son, Jacob Arnold, is a captain in the 5th United States cavalry.
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