Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ANDREWS, Christopher Columbus, lawyer, born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire, 27 October 1829. He was a farmer's son and attended school during the winter until 1843, when he went to Boston. Later he attended the Francestown academy, studied law in 1848 at Cambridge, and in 1850 was admitted to the bar. He followed his profession in Newton, and was also a member of the school board during 1851-'52. In 1853 he settled in Boston, but in the following year removed to Kansas, and later went to Washington to further the interests of Kansas during a session of congress. After two years' service in the treasury department as law clerk, he settled in St. Cloud, Minn., and in 1859 was elected state senator. During the presidential canvass of 1860 he actively supported Douglas and was nominated as elector on that ticket. In 1861 he assisted in bringing out the "Minnesota Union " in support of the administration, and for a time edited that paper. Soon after the beginning of the civil war he enlisted as a private, but was commissioned captain in the 3d Minnesota infantry. He was surrendered in a fight near Murfreesboro, and from July to October 1862, was a prisoner. After his exchange he was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of his regiment, and was present in the operations around Vicksburg. He became colonel in July 1863, and served in the campaign that resulted in the capture of Little Rock, Ark., where he was placed in command with a brigade. Here he was very active in fostering the union element, and his influence went far in the movement that in January 1864, resulted in the reorganization of Arkansas as a free state, for which he received the thanks of the constitutional convention. During 1864 he was in command of the forces near Augusta, Ark., fortified Devall's Bluff, General Steele's base of supplies, and organized numerous successful scouting parties, tie was promoted to Brigadier-General, and assigned to the command of the 2d division, 13th corps, and participated in the siege and storming of Fort Blakely, Alabama On 9 March 1865, he was commissioned brevet Major-General. Subsequently he commanded the district of Mobile and later that of Houston, Texas. In the reconstruction of that state General Andrews showed much interest, and made speeches at Houston and elsewhere which produced a better public opinion. Afterward he was ordered to accompany Governor A. J. Hamilton to Austin on his reinstatement to civil authority. He returned to St. Cloud, Minn., during the autumn of 1865, and was mustered out of service 15 January 1866. He was appointed minister resident to Sweden and Norway in 1869, and continued there until 1877, furnishing the United States government with frequent valuable reports on important subjects, which have been published in the "Commercial Relations of the United States." He was supervisor of the United States census in the 3d district of Minnesota during 1880, and from 1882 till 1885 was consul-general to Brazil. General Andrews has also been a frequent contributor to current literature, and is the author of " Minnesota and Dacotah" (Washington, 1856); " Practical Treatise on the Revenue Laws of the United States" (Boston, 1858); " Hints to Company Officers on their Military Duties " (New York, 1863); "Digest of the Opinions of the Attorneys-General of the United States" (Washington, 1867); and "History of the Campaign of Mobile" (1867).
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