Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GREENE, Christopher, soldier, born in Warwick, Rhode Island, 12 May, 1737 ; died in Westchester County, New York, 13 May, 1781. He served in the Rhode Island legislature in 1772-'4, and was chosen a lieutenant in the Kentish Guards in 1774. In May, 1775, he was appointed by the legislature a major in the army of observation, was given command of a company, marched to Cambridge, and subsequently was placed by Washington in command of the first battalion under Benedict Arnold, whom he accompanied on his expedition to Quebec. In the assault on that City under Richard Montgomery he led a detachment of troops, and when Arnold was wounded he was taken prisoner. He was exchanged after eight months' confinement, and in June, 1776, he was promoted to major under James M. Varnum. In October he was made colonel, with charge of Fort Mercer, on the Delaware. A year later, in October, 1777, the fort was assaulted by the Hessians, under Count Donop, who were repulsed with heavy loss, and their commander mortally wounded. Congress voted Greene a sword, which in 1786 was presented to his son by General Henry Knox, who was then secretary of war. In 1778 Colonel Greene and his regiment were detached for special service in Rhode Island, and was placed under the command of General John Sullivan, whose headquarters were in Providence. Early in 1781, while in command on the Croton River, his headquarters were surrounded by a party of loyalists, by whom he was killed. A monument to his memory was erected near Red Bank, New Jersey, in October, 1829, by New Jersey and Pennsylvania volunteers.
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