Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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NEWPORT, Christopher, English navigator, born in England about 1565. He was one of the founders of the colony at Jamestown, Virginia, setting sail in command of three vessels from Blackwall, London, 19 December, 1606. He had previously acquired reputation in expeditions against the Spaniards in the West Indies. On 26 April, 1607, he sighted Cape Henry and Cape Charles, and named them in honor of the sons of King James. On landing, on 30 April, he called the spot Point Comfort, from his having recently passed through a heavy storm. On 13 May the expedition arrived at Jamestown. The following month he returned to England, and in 1608 came out again with additional settlers and supplies. Of the 120 emigrants, the majority were goldsmiths and gentlemen, "packed hither by their friends," says Captain John Smith, "to escape ill destinies." He soon afterward visited the Indian chiefs Powhatan at Werowocomoco, and Opecancanough at Panmukey. As the object of the new arrivals was to obtain gold, "there was no talk, no hope, no work," says Smith, "but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold," and, some yellow mica having been discovered near the present site of Richmond, Newport filled his vessels with it under the impression that it was gold, and carried it to England. Late in the same year he again arrived in the colony, bringing a further supply of provisions, and presents for Powhatan, the " emperor of the country." He made his last voyage to Virginia in 1610. in the fleet that convoyed Lord Delaware, who brought the colony a new charter. The expedition was wrecked on the Bermudas, but finally reached its destination. Before going back to England, Captain Newport endeavored to depose Smith from the presidency, but failed, and afterward acknowledged himself to be in the wrong. The man whom he assailed has described Newport as "empty, idle, timid, and ostentatious." He was the author of "Discoveries in America," first published in " Archaeologia Americana," edited by Reverend Edward Everett Hale (Boston, 1860).
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