Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LEBORGNE DE BOIGNE, Claude Pierre Joseph (leh-born'), French colonial administrator, born in Chambery, 8 March, 1764; died in Paris, 7 January, 1822. He entered the French service, was given in 1786 an appointment in the colonial depart-meat, and in 1791 sent as one of a special commission to Santo Domingo to pacify the island. After a few weeks' stay his colleagues gave up the task and returned to France; but he remained and succeeded in winning the confidence of the negroes. During the following year he promulgated the decree of the National assembly that liberated all slaves within the French dominions; but the whites opposed the decree, and, uniting their forces, besieged the commissary in Jeremie and compelled him to return to France. The home government sustained Leborgne, and sent him again, in January, 1793, to the West Indies. He landed in La Desirade, where he organized a new government, and, going to Guadeloupe, restored order in that island. He had nearly succeeded in accomplishing the same result in Martinique when that colony was attacked by the British under Admiral Jervis. Leborgne at first defeated the enemy, but afterward was taken prisoner, and the colony surrendered on 11 May, 1793. Leborgne was transported to England, bug liberated in the course of a few months. In 1796 he was sent again to Santo Domingo as quartermaster of the armies of General Sothonac and General Rigaud, and took possession of the Spanish part of the island, which the treaty of Basel had given to France. In April, 1797, he was elected deputy from the island to the French directory, and returned in 1798 to the council of five hundred. He protested in the latter assembly against the policy of Toussaint i'Ouverture, and was instrumental in the government's opposition to the measures of that statesman. He refused to serve under Napoleon I., and in 1817 declined the governorship of La Desirade. He published "Essai de conciliation de l'Amerique, et de la necessitd de l'union de cette partie du monde avec l'Europe" (Paris, 1817); "Nouveau systeme de colonisation de Saint Domingue, combinee avec la crdation d'une compagnie de commerce pour retaelir les relations de la France avec cette ie" (1817); "Considerations gdndrales sur le regime colonial des Europeens dans les deux Indes" (1818); and "Memoires pour servir a l'histoire de Saint Domingue" (2 vols., 1819).
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