Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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COLCUR (coal'-kur), Araucanian cacique of Angol, born in that territory, Chili, in 1555; died in Coya in 1589. He was the grandson of Caupoli-can, and, after taking part in almost every battle against the Spaniards from 1583 till 1591, was elected chief of the united forces of the Arauca-nians in 1592. He surprised S.t.mayor, the governor of Chili, who, being defeated, returned to Peru for re-enforcements. From 1593 till 1596 Colcur kept up the war by means of continuous skirmishes, without accepting battle in open field, and giving not a moment of rest to Governor Loyola, who in 1597 fell, with sixty men of his escort, in an ambuscade. On the death of the governor, the Spanish troops scattered, when the cacique attacked and captured the defenseless cities, slaughtering every Spaniard that fell into the hands of his Indians. In 1598 he besieged the City of Coya, stormed it several times without success, and was killed during the final attack, which proved disastrous to the Araucanians.
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