Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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TUFTS, Cotton, physician, born in Medford, Massachusetts, 30 May, "1734; died in Weymouth, Massachusetts, 8 December, 1815. He was the grandson of Peter Tufts, who emigrated to this country in 16.54 and died in Malden, Massachusetts, in 1700, aged eighty-two. Cotton was graduated at Harvard in 1749, studied medicine, and settled at Weymouth, where he was highly esteemed as a physician. He was one of the original members of the Massachusetts medical society, its president in 1787-'95, and one of the founders of the Academy of arts and sciences. In 1765 he wrote spirited and patriotic instructions to the representatives of Weymouth against the stamp-act, he was a representative of the state and a councillor, for many years an active member of the state senate, and supported in the convention the adoption of the United States constitution.--His grandson, Quincy, born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, 4 July, 1791' died there, 18 April, 1872, was a citizen of Boston, and distinguished for his liberality. He left by his will $10,000 to Harvard for the education of indigent students, 82,000 each to Amherst college and Atkinson academy, New Hampshire, for a like purpose, $10,000 to the town of Weymouth for a free library, $10,000 to the Massachusetts general hospital for free beds; and about 840,000 to be distributed among the charitable institutions of the city.
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