Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LAMETH, Count Theodore (lah'-mate'), French soldier, born in Paris, France, 24 June, 1756; died in the Chateau de Busagny, near Pontoise, France, 19 October, 1854. He was descended from a noble family of Picardy. He entered the navy at the age of fifteen, but, abandoning it for the army and after attaining the rank of captain of cavalry, came with his brothers to this country, where he fought in the war of the Revolution, being wounded in the combat of Grenada. He was made field-marshal by Louis XVI., and in 1791 was a member of the chamber of representatives. He published "Observations de M. le general Comte Theodore de Lameth, relatives h des notices qui se trouvent dans la biographie universelle sur ses freres Charles et Alexandre" (Paris, 1843).--His brother, Count Charles Malo Francois, soldier, born in Paris, France, 5 October, 1757; died there, 28 December, 1832, served as aide on the staff of Count Rochambeau in the American Revolution, and was wounded at the capture of a British redoubt at Yorktown, where he was promoted colonel in the Orleans dragoons, and rewarded with the cross of St. Louis. During the Revolution his career was singularly parallel to that of his brother Alexandre. After his return to France he was chosen president of the National assembly in 1791, and was made a field-marshal. He fled in 1792, and, settling in Hamburg, engaged in business with his brother. He served under Napoleon in 1809-'14, attaining the rank of lieutenantgeneral. After the restoration he lived in privacy until he was elected to the chamber of deputies in 1829, and co-operated in the revolution of 1830.-Another brother, Count Alexandre, soldier and politician, born in Paris, France, 28 October, 1760; died there, 19 March, 1829, rendered service in the American war of independence as aide de-camp on Rochambeau's staff, and commanded, as adjutant-general, the attack against Jamaica. He was chosen president of the National assembly in 1790. In 1792 he served as field-marshal in the Army of the North, and in 1792-'5 was in an Austrian prison. Thence he went to England, and afterward to Hamburg, where, with his brother Charles, he engaged in commerce, but returned to France, and was prefect of several departments during the empire. He was made a lieutenant-general by Louis XVIII., during whose reign he served four sessions as leader of the opposition in the chamber of deputies. Lameth wrote much on politics, his most important work being " Histoire de l'assemblce constituante" (2 vols., Paris, 1828-'9).
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