Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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VALENZUELA, Crisanto (vah-lain-thoo-ay'-lah), Colombian patriot, born in Gambita, Santander, in 1777; died in Bogota, 6 July, 1816. He studied in the College of San Bartolome, where he was graduated as LL. D. in 1795, and became professor of philosophy. In 1803 he was admitted to the bar of the royal audience, and in the following year obtained the title of attorney of that court. When independence was proclaimed, Valenzuela rendered important services to the patriot cause, and occupied many posts under the republican government, among which were those of deputy and secretary of congress, secretary of the senate, and secretary of foreign relations. He was the author of the famous manifesto of the Junta de Santa F4, entitled " Motivos que han obligado al Nuevo Reino de Granada, a reasumir su Soberania." Valenzuela was captured at the entry of Morillo into Bogota, 26 May, and was shot, Morillo declaring in an official despatch that all graduates of colleges in South America, and especially lawyers, ought to be exterminated.
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