Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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0LID, Cristobal de (o-leed'), Spanish adventurer, born in Saragossa in 1492 ; died in Naco, Honduras in 1542. He was brought up in the house of Diego Velasquez, governor of Cuba, and was sent by him in 1518 to the relief of Juan de Grijalva, but, hurricanes having destroyed his ship, he returned to Cuba, and in the following December joined in Trinidad Hernan Cortes, with whom he sailed on 10 January, 1519. He took an active part in the conquest of New Spain, and maintained Cortes's authority over the soldiers at the time of the expedition of Panfilo de Narvaez. He was among the Spaniards that escaped from Mexico in the "Noche triste," 1 July, 1520, and fought galantly in the battle of Otumba on 8 July. During the siege of Mexico he had a quarrel with Pedro de Alvarado, and refused to assist him in the attack on the causeway of the city, thus defeating the Spanish. He then retired to Coyohuacan, but through the entreaties of Cortes returned to assist him in the siege of Mexico. In 1523 Cortes sent him to conquer Honduras, but, having entered the harbor of Havana in quest of supplies and horses, he resolved, by the suggestion of Velasquez, to proclaim his independence. Landing at Puerto Caballos, he conquered Honduras after a short campaign, and founded, on 3 May, 1524, the establishment of Triunfo de la Cruz. Cortes, being informed of his defection, sent Francisco Las Casas against him with two vessels. Olid was defeated, but a storm destroyed Las Casas's vessels, and a part of the latter's soldiers enlisted with the former. But Las Casas finally captured Olid by surprise, and had him beheaded at Naco, according to the version of Bernal Diaz del Castillo, one of Olid's companions, in his " Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva Espafia," but Herrera, in his " Nevus orbis," asserts that Gil Gonzalez de Avila, who with another expedition experienced the same fate as Las Casas, excited, together with the latter, a rebellion among the soldiers, and they murdered Olid.
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