Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PEARCE, Cromwell, soldier, born in Willistown, Pennsylvania, 13 August, 1772" died there, 2 April, 1852. He was brought up as a farmer, was a captain of militia in 1793-'8, and the next year became 1st lieutenant in the 1st United States infantry. He returned to civil life on the disbanding of the army in 1800, was the first postmaster of West Chester, became brigadier-general of militia in 1807, and major-general in 1811. At the beginning of the war of 1812 he re-entered the service as colonel of the 6th United States infantry. He commanded his division after the fall of General Montgomery Pike at York, and led his regiment at the capture of Fort George. He resigned from the army in 1815, became sheriff of Chester county, Pennsylvania, was a presidential elector in 1824, and in 1825-'39 was an associate justice of the county court.
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