Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GROVER, Cuvier, soldier, born in Bethel, Maine, 24 July, 1829; died in Atlantic City, New Jersey, 6 June, 1885. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1850, entered the 1st artillery, and served on frontier duty till 1853, and on the Northern Pacific railroad exploration from 14 April, 1853, till 17 July, 1854. He was promoted to 1st lieutenant, 3 March, 1855, and captain of the 10th infantry, 17 September, 1858, and served at various western stations. He became brigadier-general of volunteers, 14 April, 1862, and was transferred to the Army of the Potomac, where he took part in many battles. He was brevetted lieutenant-colonel on 5 May for services at the battle of Williamsburg, Virginia, and on 31 May, colonel, for gallantry at Fair Oaks. At the second battle of Bull Run his brigade fought under General Hooker, and distinguished itself by a bayonet charge. Being transferred to the Department of the Gulf, he took command of a division of the 19th corps from 30 December, 1862, till July, 1864, was in command of the right wing of the army besieging Port Hudson, Louisiana, in May, 1863, was promoted major, 31 August, 1863, and commanded a division in the Shenandoah campaign from August to December, 1864. He was wounded at the battle of Cedar Creek on 19 October, 1864, and brevetted major-general of volunteers the same day for gallantry at Winchester and Fisher's Hill. On 13 March following he was also brevetted brigadier-general, United States army, and major-general, United States army. He was mustered out of the volunteer service, 24 August, 1865, and again returned to frontier duty until 7 November, 1866, when he was transferred to Jefferson barracks, Missouri, until 6 February, 1867. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 38th infantry, 28 July, 1866, assigned to the 3d cavalry in 1870, and made colonel of the 1st cavalry, 2 December, 1875, which rank he held during the remainder of his life.
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