Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CLARK, Daniel A., clergyman, born in Rahway, New Jersey, 1 March, 1779; died in New York, 3 March, 1840. He was graduated at Princeton in 1808, studied at Andover theological seminary, and while there was licensed by the presbytery of New Jersey, and in 1812 was ordained and installed pastor of the Congregational union church of Braintree and Weymouth, Massachusetts. Thence he removed, in 1815, to Hanover, New Jersey, and the year following went to Southbury, Connecticut, where, in addition to his pastoral labors, he taught gratuitously in order to elevate the standard of education in the place. In 1820 he was installed pastor of the West parish of Amherst, Massachusetts, and became one of the founders of the College there. He accepted a call to Ben-nington in 1826, and afterward preached for short periods in various places. His complete works, with a biographical sketch by George Shepard, were published in 1846 (5th ed., edited by his son, James H. Clark, M. D., 2 vols., New York, 1855).-His son, James Henry, physician, born in Livingston, New York, 23 June, 1814; died in Montclair, New Jersey, 6 March, 1869, was educated at Bennington, Vermont, and at Amherst. He studied medicine with Dr. James C. Bliss, of New York, and in Europe, and received his diploma from the College of physicians and surgeons, New York City, in 1841. After more study abroad he settled in Newark, New Jersey, in 1846, anal made diseases of the eye and ear his specialty. Dr. Clark was president of the Essex county medical society in 1867, and its historian in 1868. He was one of the founders of the Park Presbyterian church in Newark, and was for several years secretary of the Tract society of that city. In 1863 he removed to Montelair, but retained his office in Newark. Dr. Clark published, besides his father's works, " History of the Cholera as it appeared in Newark in 1849 (Newark, 1850); "Sight and Hearing: How Preserved, Itow Lost" (1856); "Medical Topography of Newark and its Vicinity" (1861); and "The Medical Men of New Jersey in Essex Dis-triet, from 1666 to 1866" (Newark, 1868). He left an unfinished "Encyclopaedia of Diseases."--Another son, Horace Francis, railroad president, born in Southbury, Connecticut, 29 November, 1815; died in New York City, 19 June, 1873, was graduated at Williams in 1833, studied law in the office of Prescott Hall, and in 1837 was admitted to the New York bar. During the nineteen years that he was engaged in active practice he was reputed to be the most active, diligent, and hard-working lawyer in the profession in New York. In 1856 he was elected to congress on the democratic ticket, but, though identified with the wing of the Democratic Party then known as Hardshells, he dissented from the first from the policy of Mr. Buchanan in regard to Kansas, supported the views of Senator Douglas, and was one of the five anti-Lecompton men who finally effected the organization of the house. At the close of his term he was re-elected as an independent candidate. During his first term he was assigned to the judiciary committee, and during the second to the committee on Indian affairs. In 1857 Mr. Clark first became a director in the New York and Harlem railroad, then not a very profitable enterprise, from which time dated his active participation in railroad operations. He afterward became president of the Lake Shore, Michigan Southern, and Northern Indiana railroad, and of the Union Pacific railroad, besides being director in the New York Central and Hudson River railroad; the New York and Harlem; the New Haven, Hartford, and Springfield ; the Shore Line ; the Chicago and Northwestern, and holding a valuable interest in various other lines. He was also president of the Union Trust company of New York, and an active manager of the Western Union Telegraph company, and other corporations. He was also an operator in Wall street, where his influence was great. When the combined attack was made on the Tweed ring in 1871, Mr. Clark rendered powerful assistance in breaking the political power of the ring, and driving Tweed and his friends out of Tammany hall, and from that time he continued to be an active member of the society. Mr. Clark gave freely to charitable objects. Williams College gave him the degree of LL.D. in 1868. He married, in 1848, a daughter of Com. Vanderbilt.
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