Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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APPLETON, Daniel, founder of the publishing house of died Appleton & county, New York, born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, 10 December 1785" died in New York, 27 March 1849. He began business as a dry-goods merchant in his native place, but subsequently went to Boston, and in 1825 removed to New York, where he began the importation of English books in conjunction with his dry-goods business. The book department was placed in charge of William Henry Appleton, his eldest son (b. 27 January 1814). This was in Exchange place. He soon abandoned the sale of dry-goods, and removed to Clinton Hall, Beckman Street, and there gave his attention solely to the importation and sale of books. In 1835 W. H. Appleton was sent to represent the house in London, and in the following year the father visited Europe and founded a permanent agency at 16 Little Britain. His first publishing venture was a collection of religious extracts entitled "Daily Crumbs from the Master's Table," a 32mo volume, of which 2,000 copies were sold. This was followed by another book of the same size and character, and in 1832, the cholera year, .by " A Refuge m Time of Plague and Pestilence." In January 1838, W. t[. Appleton was taken into partnership, and the firm removed to 200 Broadway. In 1848 the father retired, and W. It. Appleton then formed a" co partnership with his brother, John Adams Appleton (b. in Boston, Massachusetts, 9 January 1817 ; died at his residence on Staten Island, 13 July 1881). Three other sons became partners. DANIEL SIDNEY, the fourth son, was born in Boston, 9 April 1824; GEORGE SWETT was born in Andover, Massachusetts, 11 August 1821, and died at Riverdale, New York, 7 July 1878 ; SAMUEL FRANCIS, the youngest son, was born in Boston, 26 April 1826, and died in New York, 25 October 1883. The business was removed from 200 Broadway to the old Society library building, corner of Leonard Street and Broadway, and subsequently the growth of the city necessitated many removals farther uptown. In 1881 the retail, jobbing, and importing departments were abandoned, in order that sole attention might be given to the publications of the house, and the business was removed to its present location, Nos. 1, 3, and 5 Bond street. In 1853 a printing-office and bindery were established in Franklin street, New York; but the publishing business increased to such an extent that in 1868 the manufacturing department was removed to Brooklyn, where buildings were erected that cover nearly a whole square. The publications of the house extend over the entire field of literature. Its "American Cyclopaedia" is the largest and most widely circulated work of its kind ever produced in this country. The first edition was issued in 1857-'63 ; and a revised edition, which was practically a re-writing of the entire work, with the insertion of thousands of illustrations and other improvements, in 1873-'76, additions and corrections being added from time to time. The "Annum Cyclopaedia," published in similar style and forming an appropriate continuation of the greater work, is now in its twenty-fifth year. Its illustrated books include "Picturesque America," "Picturesque Europe," and "Picturesque Palestine," besides valuable art collections. Its textbooks embrace every subject taught in American schools; medical books form a special department, and books in Spanish for the South and Central American markets form another. Nearly all the noted scientists of Europe and the United States are represented in the list, which also in general literature includes the names of Bancroft, Bryant, Cooper, Dickens, Disraeli, Scott, and other standard authors. Generals Sherman and J. E. Johnston, Admirals Farragut and Porter, Jefferson Davis, William H. Seward, and biographies of Lee, Chase, Stonewall Jackson, A. S. Johnston, and other distinguished participants represent the literature of the civil war on both sides. The business begun by Daniel Appleton is now (1886) actively conducted by the firm consisting of his sons William H. and Daniel Sidney, and his grandsons William Worthen, Daniel, and Edward Dale Appleton. But the official signature of the firm has always remained Daniel Appleton & county
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