Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BRAINARD, Daniel, surgeon, born in Whitesborough, Oneida County, New York, 15 May, 1812; died in Chicago, Illinois, 10 October, 1866. He received an academic education, and studied medicine, first at Fairfield medical College and afterward at Jefferson medical College, where he was graduated in the spring of 1834. He delivered a course of lectures on anatomy and physiology at Oneida institute in 1836, studied in Europe in 1839-'41, and in 1842 became professor of anatomy in the University of St. Louis. He was the founder of Rush medical College, Chicago, and occupied its chair of surgery from 1843 till his death. Under Presidents Pierce and Buchanan he was surgeon of the marine hospital, Chicago. He was a corresponding member of the societies of surgery of Paris and Geneva, and published a work on rattlesnake bites; "Un-united Fractures and Deformities," the American medical association prize essay for 1854; and many articles in the "Chicago Medical Journal." At the time of his death he had been for several years engaged on an extensive surgical work, which remains unfinished. Dr. Brainard was one of the most prominent surgeons of the northwest. His reputation rests largely on his advocacy of subcutaneous perforation of ununited bones for the cure of false joint, and the treatment of poisoned wounds by means of alterative injections.
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