Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CHIPMAN, Daniel, lawyer, born in Salisbury, Connecticut, 22 October, 1765; died in Ripton, Vermont, 23 April, 1850. In 1775 his father removed to Tinmouth, and Daniel labored on a farm until 1783, and was graduated at Dartmouth in 1788. After studying law with his brother Nathaniel, at Rutland, Vermont, he began practice there, but in 1794 removed to Middlebury. He became distinguished in his profession, and also in literature; was made a member of the American academy in 1812; professor of law at Middleburyfrom 1806 till 1816. He represented Rutland in the state constitutional convention of 1793, and was often a member of the legislature between 1794 and 1808, when he was elected a member of the council, and from 1809 till 1815, and again in 1818 and 1821; speaker in 1813-'4; member of congress in 1815-'7; member of the constitutional conventions of 1816 and 1850. He was the first reporter of the Supreme Court of Vermont, and published a treatise on the "Law of Contracts" (Middlebury, 1822); a volume of "Reports of the Supreme Court" (1835); biographies of his brother, Nathaniel Chipman, with selections from his papers (Boston, 1846): Seth Warner and General Thomas Chittenden (1849).--His brother, Nathaniel, jurist, born in Salisbury, Connecticut, 15 November, 1752; died in Tinlnouth, Vermont, 15 February, 1843, was graduated at Yale in 1777. During his senior year he obtained a lieutenant's commission in the American army, was on duty at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-'8, and was present at the battles of Monmouth and White Plains. Resigning his commission in October, 1778, he removed to Litchfield, Connecticut, and was admitted to the bar in March, 1779. He then removed to Tinmouth, Vermont, was a member of the Vermont legislature in 1784-'5, a judge of the state Supreme Court in 1786, and chief justice in 1789. In that year he was one of the commissioners on behalf of Vermont to adjust differences with New York, and in 1791 to negotiate the admission of Vermont into the Union. In 1791 he was appointed by Washington judge of the United States district court of Vermont, which he resigned in 1793; in October, 1796, was again chosen chief justice of the Supreme Court, and at the same time was appointed one of a committee to revise the statutes, the duties of which were almost wholly performed by him. He was United States senator from 1797 till 1803; from 1806 till 1811 was a representative to the state legislature; in 1813 he was one of the council of censors; in 1813-'5 was once more chief justice of the supreme court; and was professor of law at Middlebury from 1816 until his death. He published " Sketches of the Principles of Government" (1793) and a small volume of "Reports and Dissertations." In 1826 he revised the laws of Vermont. His life was written by his brother Daniel (Boston, 184(i).
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