Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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GILMAN, Daniel Colt, educator, born in Norwich. Connecticut, 6 July, 1831. He was graduated at Yale in 1852, and continued his studies in New Haven, and later in Berlin, where he followed the lectures of Carl Ritter and Adolph Trendelenburg. He traveled extensively in Europe, and gave attention to the social, political, and educational condition of the countries that he visited, and also to their physical structure. On his return in 1855 he was invited to become librarian of Yale, and subsequently to be professor of physical and political geography there, and secretary of the governing board of the Sheffield scientific school. He was for a short time superintendent of the public schools of New Haven, and afterward secretary of the state board of education. From his post in Yale he was invited, in 1870, to become the first president of the University of California. This invitation was not accepted, but two years later, when another call was given, he went to California, and remained at the head of the state University till 1875. At that time he was elected first president of the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, and to the organization and administration of that foundation he has since been devoted. He was one of the original trustees of the John F. Slater fund for the education of freedmen, and the secretary of the board. He has printed a large number of addresses, reports and contributions to reviews, among which may be mentioned his inaugural discourses in California and in Maryland ; an address as president of the American social science association; a discourse at the opening of the Sibley College in Cornell University, and another at the opening of Adelbert College in Cleveland, Ohio; an address in Baltimore on the benefits which society derives from universities; and an address before the Phi Beta Kappa society of Harvard on a kindred topic. His ideas on University and collegiate education have also been presented in articles contributed to the " North American Review," to the "Cyclopaedia of Political Science," and to other publications. He prepared a memoir of James Monroe for the "American Statesman" series (Boston, 1833), and has edited the miscellaneous writings of Francis Lieber (1881) and of Joseph P. Thompson (1884). He received the degree of LL.D. from Harvard in 1876 and from Columbia in 1887, and he is a member of many scientific and historical societies.
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