Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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FOWLE, Daniel, printer, born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, about 1715; died in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in June 1787. He was an apprentice with Samuel Kneeland, and began business for himself in Boston in 1740. From 1742 to 1750 he was a partner with Gamaliel Rogers, and in 1748'50 joint publisher with him of the "Independent Advertiser." In 1743'6 they published the "American Magazine." They were the first in America to print the New Testament. In 1755 he was arrested, by order of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, on suspicion of having printed a pamphlet entitled "The Monster of Monsters," severely animadverting on some members of the house. He wan released in a few days, but left Boston in disgust, went to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and on 7 October 1756, began the publication of the " New Hampshire Gazette."
His nephew, Robert Fowle, editor, was a partner with his uncle in the publication of the "New Hampshire Gazette," which was the only newspaper in New Hampshire at the beginning of the Revolution. As Daniel was a Whig and his nephew a loyalist, the partnership was terminated, and Robert established himself as a printer at Exeter. The paper currency of the period was printed in his office, and, as it was counterfeited soon afterward, suspicion rested on him as a participant in the crime, and he fled to the British lines in New York, and thence to England.
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