Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LESCALLIER, Daniel (les'-cal'-yay'), French engineer, born in Lyons, 4 November, 1743; died in Croix Rousse, near Lyons, in May, 1822. He intended to enter the corps of naval engineers, but before passing his examination went to Santo Domingo in 1764, in the suite of Count d'Estaing, the governor-general, and was the first to draw a map of the city and suburbs. He returned to France in 1766, held various important posts, and in 1780 was appointed general inspector of the colony of Grenada, where he did much to reform the administration and expose the corruption of officials. In 1782 he went to regulate the affairs of Dutch Guiana, which the French had just recovered from the English. In 1784 he transferred the country to Dutch commissioners, and in 1785 was appointed commissioner-general of French Guiana. During a residence of about four years in this colony he restored order in the finances, and suggested many plans of improvement to the government. Some of his views met with opposition, and he resigned and returned to France in 1788. He was then employed on missions to the French colonies in Africa and India up to 1799, when the first consul summoned him to the council of state for the department of the colonies. In 1800 he was sent to Guadeloupe as civil governor, where he restored to their homes 850 colonists who had been expelled by revolutionary movements. He returned to France in 1805 and took passage for the United States, where he busied himself with the interests of the colony he had left. On his return to France he held several offices, and was appointed consul-general to the United States in 1811. Lescallier, besides works on a variety of European subjects, wrote "Expose; des moyens de mettre en valeur et d'administrer la Guyane" (Paris, 1791-'8); "Nolions sur la culture des terres basses darts la Guyane" (1798); and "Description botanique du chirantodendron, arbre du Mexique," a translation from the Spanish (1805).
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