Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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READ, Daniel, educator, born in Marietta, Ohio, 24 June, 1805; died in Keokuk, Iowa, 3 October, 1878. He was graduated at Ohio university in 1824, and for eleven years was principal of the preparatory department, at the same time studying law, and obtaining admission to the bar, although he never practised. He became professor of ancient languages in the university in 1836, and when, in 1838, a separate professorship of Greek was established, taught political economy in connection with Latin till 1843, when he accepted the chair of languages at the Indiana state university. He was a member of the State constitutional convention of Indiana in 1850. In 1853-'4 he performed the duties of president of the university. In 1856 he became professor of mental and moral philosophy in Wisconsin university, and in 1863 entered on the presidency of Missouri state university, Columbia, which office he filled until 1876. He was a frequent speaker on educational subjects.--His brother, Abner, naval officer, born in Urbana, Ohio, 5 April, 1821; died in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 12 July, 1863, was educated at the Ohio university, but left in his senior year, having received an appointment as midshipman in the United States navy. After a voyage to South America, he studied for a year at the Naval school in Philadelphia, and was appointed acting sailing-master, in which capacity he gained a reputation as a navigator. He took part in the later naval operations of the Mexican war, and in 1855 was placed on the retired list with the rank of lieutenant, but was afterward reinstated by the examining board. In the early part of the civil war he performed important services as commander of the " Wyandotte" in saving Fort Pickens from falling into the hands of the Confederates. He was assigned to the command of the "New London " in 1862, and cruised in Mississippi sound, taking more than thirty prizes, and breaking up the trade between New Orleans and Mobile. He captured a battery at Biloxi, and had several engagements with Confederate steamers. He was commissioned lieutenant-commander on 16 July, and commander on 13 September, 1862. In June, 1863, he was placed in charge of the steam sloop "Monongahela," and, while engaging the batteries above Donaldsonville, received a fatal wound. --Daniel's son, Theodore, soldier, born in Athens, Ohio, 11 April, 1836: died near Farmville, Virginia, 5 April, 1865, was graduated at the Indiana state university in 1854, studied law, was appointed district attorney, afterward held a clerkship in the interior department at Washington, and in 1860 began practising law at Paris, Ilk At the beginning of the civil war he enlisted, and served his term of three months in the ranks. He was then given a staff appointment with the rank of captain, 24 October, 1861, received a wound at Chancellorsville, at Gettysburg, and for the third time at Cold Harbor. He was promoted major on 25 July, 1864, and was chief of staff to General Edward O. C. Ord from the time when the latter took command of a corps in the Army of the James. He served in various battles ill Gem Grant's campaign, and on 29 September, 1864, was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers for services in the field. He lost his life in tile last encounter between the armies of Generals Grant and Lee. General Ord had directed General Read to burn the bridge at Farmville, in the line of Bee's retreat. The small party was overtaken by the advance of the entire Confederate army, and surrendered after every officer had been killed, haying, however, accomplished its purpose of checking Bee's movement. (See DEARING, JAMES.)
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