Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PATTERSON, Daniel Tod, naval officer, born on Long Island, New York, 6 March, 1786; died in Washington, D. C., 15 August, 1839. He entered the United States navy as a midshipman in August, 1800, and was attached to the frigate "Philadelphia," under Captain William Bainbridge when she ran upon a reef off Tripoli, and was taken by a flotilla of gun-boats. Patterson was kept a prisoner in Tripoli until 1805, and in 1807 he was promoted to lieutenant. In 1813 he was made commander, and in 1814 had charge of the naval forces at New Orleans, co-operating ably with General Andrew Jackson, and receiving the thanks of congress. He commanded the flotilla that captured and destroyed the forts and other defences of Jean Lafitte (q. v.) on the island of Barataria. Subsequently he attained the rank of captain, and had charge of the "Constitution" in 1826-'8, while on the Mediterranean. In 1828 he was made naval commissioner, and in 1832-'6 he commanded the Mediterranean squadron, after which he was, until his death, commandant of the navy-yard at Washington.--His son, Carlile Pollock, superintendent of the coast survey, born in Shieldsborough, Mississippi, 24 August, 1816; died near Washington, 15 August, 1881, was appointed as a midshipman in the United States navy in 1880, served in the Mediterranean squadron, returned home in 1836, and was graduated at Georgetown college, Kentucky, as a civil engineer in 1838. Resuming his duties as midshipman, he was assigned to duty in the United States coast survey, to which, after a period of sea-service, he returned in 1845, and was placed in charge of a hydrographic party in the Gulf of Mexico, having meanwhile, on 8 September, 1841, attained the rank of lieutenant. In 1850 he retired from the navy to accept the command of the Pacific mail steamer "Oregon," in which capacity and other private duties he continued until 1861. He then returned to the survey in the capacity of hydrographic inspector, and so remained until he became superintendent in February, 1874. In his hands the scope of the survey was greatly enlarged, and its character as a general geodetic survey became fully recognized, and he continued its executive officer until his death. Supt. Patterson was chairman of the committee that was appointed in 1869 to examine into the condition of the revenue cutter service, and in 1872 a member of the commission that was created to examine and test lifesaving apparatus. He also served for many years as a member of the light-house board. He was a member of various societies, and in 1878 received the degree of LL. D. from Amherst. Besides his various reports of special duty, he edited the annual reports of the United States coast and geodetic survey during the years of his administration.
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