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BACON, David, missionary, born in Woodstock, Connecticut, in 1771; died in Hartford, Connecticut, 27 August 1817. His labors and sufferings as missionary to the Ojibbewa Indians in the territory of Michigan, and afterward as founder of a Christian town at Tallmadge, Ohio, have been narrated in a "Sketch of the Rev. David Bacon," by Rev. Leonard Bacon, died D. (Boston, 1876).*His son, Leonard, clergyman, born in Detroit, Mich., 19 February 1802; died in New Haven, Connecticut, 24 December 1881. He was graduated at Yale in 1820, and studied theology at Andover. In March 1825, he was ordained pastor of the 1st Church in New Haven, and continued in this office until his death*fifty-seven years. From 1866, being relieved of the main burden of Pastoral work, he occupied the chair of didactic theology in Yale until 1871, and thereafter was lecturer on ecclesiastical polity and American Church history. He was a representative of the liberal orthodoxy and historic polity of the ancient New England Churches. His life was incessantly occupied in the discussion of questions bearing on the interests of humanity and religion. Probably no subject of serious importance that came into general notice during his long career escaped his earnest and active attention. A public question which absorbed much of his thought after 1823 was that of slavery. His constant position was that of resistance to slavery on the one hand, and of resistance to the extravagances of certain abolitionists on the other; and he thought himself well rewarded for forty years of debate, in which, as he was wont to say of himself, quoting the language of Baxter, that, "where others had had one enemy he had had two," when he learned that Abraham Lincoln referred to his volume on slavery as the source of his own clear and sober convictions on that subject. He was a strong supporter of the union throughout the civil war, and took active part m the various constitutional, economical, and moral discussions to which it gave rise. He was influential in securing the repeal of the "orenibus clause " in the Connecticut divorce law. In March 1874, he was moderator of the council that rebuked Henry Ward Beecher's society for irregularly expelling Theodore Triton, and in February 1876, of the advisory council called by the Plymouth society. During his later years he was, by general consent, regarded as the foremost man among American Congregationalists. He became known in oral debate, in which he excelled, by his books, and preeminently by his contributions to the periodical press. From 1826 till 1838 he was one of the editors of the "Christian Spectator." In 1843 he aided in establishing "The New Englander" review, to which he continued to contribute copiously until his death. In that publication appeared many articles from his pen denouncing, on religious and political grounds, the policy of the government in respect to slavery. With Drs. Storrs and Thompson he founded the "Independent" in 1847, and continued with them in the editorship of it for sixteen years. He had great delight in historical studies, especially in the history of the Puritans, both in England and in America. Besides innumerable pamphlets and reviews, he published " Select Works of Richard Baxter," with a biography (1830); " Manual for Young Church-Members" (1833) ; "Thirteen Historical Discourses" on the 200th anniversary of the beginning of the 1st Church in New Haven (1839); " Views and Reviews ; an Appeal against Division" (1840) ; "Slavery Discussed in Occasional Essays " (1846); "Christian Self-Culture " (1862); "Four Commemorative Discourses" (1866);" Genesis of the
New England Churches" (1874) ; "Sketch of Rev. David Bacon " (1876) ; and " Three Civic Orations for New Haven" (1879).*Delia, daughter of David, author, born in Tallmadge, Ohio, 2 February 1811 ; died in Hartford, Connecticut, 2 September 1859. She was a teacher, resided for some time in Boston, and there delivered a course of lectures. She published anonymously "Tales of the Puritans" (New Haven), and "The Bride of Fort Edward," a drama (New York, 1839). Later she published in London and Boston "Philosophy of the Plays of Shakespeare Unfolded" (1857), with a preface by Nathaniel Hawthorne, in which she sought to prove that Lord Bacon, conjointly with other writers, was the author of the Shakespearean plays. See Hawthorne's "Recollections of a Gifted Woman" in his "Our Old Home," and Mrs. Farrar's "Recollections of Seventy Years."*Leonard's son, Leonard Woolsey, clergyman, born in New Haven, Connecticut, 1 January 1830. He was graduated at Yale in 1850, then studied theology at Andover and Yale, and medicine at Yale, receiving his degree in 1855. He served as pastor of Congregational or Presbyterian Churches in Rochester, New York, Litchfield and Stamford, Connecticut, Brooklyn, New York, and Baltimore, Maryland, and then spent five years in Europe, chiefly at Geneva. Returning in 1877, he served as pastor in Norwich, Connecticut, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania He has written much for the periodical press, and published, besides pamphlets and musical compositions, "The Vatican Council " (1872) ; "Church Papers" (1876);"A Life worth Living: Life of Emily Bliss Gould" (1878); "Sunday Observance and Sunday Law," including six sermons on the Sabbath question, by his brother, George Blagdon Bacon (1882); "The Simplicity that is in Christ" (1886); and sundry translations from the French and German, and compilations of psalmody.*Another son, Theodore, lawyer, and his five brothers, have won professional and literary distinction.*A daughter, Rebecca Taylor, became distinguished by her philanthropic labors in the founding of the Hampton, Virginia, institute and the New Haven school of nursing.
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